Allah’s Order to Hold I’dad

Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies, of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of Allah, shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly (Al-Anfaal: 60)

I’dad linguistically means preparation.

And the preparation here, according to a number of Muslim scholars, always follows the order to hold Jihad.

I’dad is an obligation when Jihad cannot be conducted because the Muslim ummah are weak.

“As the order of Jihad cannot be conducted because we are in weakness, so we should make a preparation. Preparing ourselves with all the power we have is an obligation that follows the obligation of Jihad,” said Ibnu Taimiyah.

I’dad (preparation) is often related to the military training in the form of training some Muslims with how to use weapons. Indeed, this is true, but the scope of I’dad is broader that this.

Referring to the above Ayah, the order we receive from the Ayah is about to prepare all the powers with all of its variations and causes that may lead to certain power.

To know well the interpretation of the above Ayah, there are three points to discuss. They are the phrases: “wa a iddu lahum; mas tatha’ tum; and min quwwatin.”

1.    The Phrase “Wa A Iddu Lahum”
The above phrase literally means “Against them make ready!” The above phrase is an order for all Muslim to hold preparation that is addressed to “them.” And “them” here refers to three groups of people; they are “the enemies of Allah, the enemies of Muslims, and other enemies.”

In dealing with the first two groups of people, we can easily identify who they are; but we find it hard to identify who are called “others besides.” For that reason, the next part of this Ayah says, “whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know.”

However, the Prophet Muhammad has already given us guidance about this kind of group in a Hadith narrated by Hudzaifah Ibn Al-Yaman about a fact that at the end of the world, there will be people calling for destruction. The Prophet outlined the characteristics of these people as saying, “Their skins are the same as ours; their language is also the same as ours (meaning they use Islamic terms as well as Quran and Sunnah).”

About the above Hadith, Professor Ahmad Jamal from the Ummul Khura University said, “They are claiming themselves Muslims, but they tend to develop the West’s way of thinking and neglect Islamic thinking.”

Effort to fight against Islam conducted by these kinds of people is usually in the form of Ghazwul Fikr (the war of thoughts). For that reason, every single Muslim has no any other choice to fight this ‘war’ through countering their misleading thoughts, propaganda, and conspiracy.

2.    The Phrase “Mas tatha’ tum”
The phrase “mas tatha’ tum” is translated into English as “to the utmost.” This is inline with the interpretation of Imam Ibn Kathir as saying that this phrase refers to the maximum limit of human’s effort.

Many falsely interpret this Ayah as preparing themselves to their ‘minimum level of their power’; hence there is a false agreement amongst them ordering, “Don’t work too hard! Islam calls you not to burden yourselves.”

Indeed, Islam does not burden every single Muslim. When a Muslim cannot pray by standing on his/her feet, and he/she is allowed to pray while sitting or even laying down his/her body on the ground. However, this is not applicable to the above Ayah.

3.    The Phrase “Min Quwwatin”
This phrase means “your power,” and if this phrase is added to the previous phrase means “to the utmost of your power!”

We should now notice that in this phrase, there is no prefix “al” before “Quwwatin” meaning that this refers to general power, not specific kind of power such as mere military training.

However, the definition of power here is fenced by the boundary of ‘power to terror the enemies of Allah, the enemies of Muslims, and other kinds of enemies.’

As I told in the beginning of this article, the power here must be various.

Al-Izz Abdussalam said, “Whoever is burdened with order of taqwa (obedience), and he/she is only capable of doing some; hence, he/she should do first whatever he/she can do.”

When we are in weakness, hence we should be patience. When we are in strength, hence we must fight in the path of Allah.

In whatever the situation we are encountering, I’dad is a must. I’dad is an obligation because of continuing fight between good and evil deeds.

Jihad, I’dad, and be cautious of the enemies’ existence amongst us must not stop because the Prophet Muhammad has said that Jihad must not cease until the end of the world.

I’dad is much more required by those Muslims who are in weakness; hence, I’dad should get more priority than Jihad when Muslims are at this stage.

In his book Tarbiyah Al-Askariyah, Dr Juraish explained six important points to fight against the enemies of Allah, enemies of Muslims, and other kinds of enemies. The six points are:
1. I’dad ruhiyah (preparing the heart of every single Muslim by learning more about the basic foundation of Islam and the advanced knowledge of Islam)
2. I’dad fikriyah (preparing the mind of every single Muslim by studying the general knowledge and the current situation in effort to tackle Ghazwul Fikr)
3. I’dad an-nafsy (preparing the mentality of every single Muslim in order not to be afraid of the existence of enemies)
4. I’dad jasady (preparing the body of every single Muslim in order to be ready to fight against the enemies in the battlefield)
5. I’dad al-maaly (preparing the economic support for the mission to spread Islam and to defend Islam from the enemies’ attacks)
6. I’dad Ijtima’i (preparing the society in order to broaden the support to the mission to spread Islam and to defend Islam from the enemies’ attacks).